What is Acne? Types, signs, symptoms and risk factors

What is Acne?

The best acne specialists near you describe acne problem as one of the most common skin problems that has the tendency to turn chronic and results mainly when a hair follicle and its accompanying oil producing sebaceous gland become blocked with dead skin cells and oil, leading to the development of symptoms such as red, raised bumps on the skin. It mainly affects the face and forehead, but can also affect the chest, upper back, and shoulders.


What are the causes of acne?

According to the best acne specialists nearby, the main reasons for the development of acne include excessive production of oil by the sebaceous glands, blockage of the base of the hair follicle with dead skin cells and the excess oil produced by the oil gland next to it, increased bacterial activity in the region, and the development of inflammation. The best skin specialists in Hyderabad for acne further explain that the blocked hair follicle may bulge out leading to the development of a whitehead, or it may remain open to the surface and present as a blackhead due to the darkening of the oil on exposure to air. Pimples and pustules develop when there is bacterial activity and inflammation, and when the blockage of the hair follicle occurs deep within the skin surface it leads to the development of nodules and cystic lesions that tend to remain under the skin surface. 

What are the symptoms of acne?

Acne or in medical terms Acne vulgaris can present with non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, or a mixture of both inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions. Non-inflammatory lesions can be either closed comedones (whiteheads) or open comedones (blackheads). Inflammatory lesions can be Papules which are small raised red and tender bumps on the skin, Pimples or Pustules which are small raised red and tender bumps on the skin with pus at their tips, Nodules which are large, hard, and painful lumpy lesions under the skin, and Cystic Lesions which are large, very painful, pus filled lumpy lesions under the skin.


Depending on the severity of the condition acne can be clinically classified as

Comedonal Acne:  In this type of acne, comedones, i.e., whiteheads or blackheads are present, but there are no inflammatory lesions such as pimples (papules) or pustules present.

Mild Acne: In this type of acne, comedones are present along with a few pimples and/or pustules

Moderate Acne: In this type of acne, there are more number of comedones, inflammatory pimples and pustules when compared to mild acne.

Severe Acne or NoduloCystic Acne: This a severe form of acne in which comedones, many large inflammatory nodules and cystic lesions under the skin that are more than 4-5mm in diameter.


Dermatologists can treat acne. Acne is a common skin condition that affects many people, and it can range from mild to severe. Dermatologists are medical doctors who specialize in treating skin, hair, and nail conditions, and they have the expertise and training to diagnose and treat acne. Book doctor appointment with best skin specilaist through Skedoc. Booking a doctors appointment online near you can be a conveient way to schedule a visit with a healthcare professional. Skedoc helps you to book doctor appointments online with a top expert doctor of your choice, at a time and location that is convenient for you




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