Teeth Whitening: Facts, Types and Procedures

Dr. Jena Shah   April 26, 2021

Everybody wants to have a better smile that can make them look beautiful. However, some people cannot achieve this due to the bad condition of their teeth. Stains, yellow marks, and brown marks of the teeth take away the shine of the teeth that ultimately makes the smile look ugly. If you are looking for improving your smile with white teeth, then tooth bleaching is an effective technique to achieve it. Many people have achieved tooth whitening with this treatment method.


What is teeth whitening?

Teeth whitening is the treatment method where the stains, yellow layer, or any discoloration of the tooth is removed from the tooth surface. It can give the natural white color on the teeth that can look aesthetically better.


What reasons are responsible for the tooth discoloration?

There are multiple reasons responsible for teeth discoloration that degrades the smile.

Here are some of the important reasons responsible for teeth discoloration:


1. Eating more sweet food

When you eat food that is sweet, some amount of it gets deposited on the teeth and the gums. They invite a lot of bacteria on the teeth that eventually causes tooth decay.


2. Habits of tobacco chewing and smoking

Tobacco chewing and smoking habits cause stains on teeth. They are mainly responsible for the removal of the enamel layer from the tooth that paves the way for tooth decay. It also lowers the blood flow due to the weakening of the blood vessels in the tooth.


3. Growing age

A growing age weakens the enamel layer of the teeth and also makes the blood flow low from the blood vessels. It ultimately leads to tooth decay causing the tooth discoloration.


4. Unhygienic oral habits

Good oral hygiene habits are very essential to keep oral health nice. If these habits like brushing, flossing, rinsing, etc. are not done properly it causes discoloration of the teeth.

These are some of the important reasons for teeth discoloration. A proper treatment done sooner can help to prevent the tooth from further discoloration.


What are dental treatments for teeth whitening? 

Tooth bleaching is the most widely used way for teeth whitening. Here, the cavity material is cleaned using dental instruments, to make sure that the tartar is removed totally. After cleaning, the gel of active Carbamide Peroxide is applied to the tooth for giving it a white shiny look. After this treatment, the teeth can remain white for a prolonged period until a person involved in the habit of tobacco chewing or smoking.

During the bleaching process, the enamel layer on the teeth surface absorbs the Carbamide Peroxide. Here, some chemical process occurs to give a whiter look for the teeth. The dental expert will use the amount of Carbamide Peroxide as per the condition of the teeth.


What are home-based tooth bleaching options?

•A tray-based tooth bleaching technique is used where the peroxide-based bleaching gels are used to fill the mouth guard tray.

•Tooth whitening strips and gels are directly applied on the teeth with the help of thin strips or brushes.

•Using tooth whitening toothpaste that has some of the remarkable amounts of bleaching agents can remove the stains to give a whiter shine on the teeth.


What are tooth bleaching fast facts?


1. Tiny pores exist in teeth

This is one of the important facts that are responsible for teeth getting discolored despite following proper oral hygiene. These pores get opened to different extent and cause discoloration in teeth. Tooth bleaching penetrates through these pores to make it clean.


2. Teeth health does not get affected by tooth bleaching

There is a popular myth that tooth bleaching can damage the teeth due to the chemical used during the process. However, the fact is that the chemical simply penetrates the pores to make it clean totally for giving it a whiter look.


3. Post-whitening experience

It is fact that there is extra sensitivity than natural sensitivity in teeth after the tooth bleaching procedure. However, looking at the important treatment it is worth tolerating some sensitivity for a few days. Generally, the sensitivity in teeth remains around 4 to 6 days after tooth bleaching.


4. Whitening of crowns is not possible

The crowns put on the tooth or in place of the missing tooth cannot be whitened. These crowns are generally resistant to the colors used in the tooth bleaching process.


5. Restrict eating for few hours after the process. 

After completion of the tooth bleaching, a person must avoid eating any food for at least 4 hours. It will help to give the desired effect for the teeth whitening treatment. 


Treatment at night before going to sleep is ideal for getting better results.

These are some tooth bleaching facts that people must know. Please note that it is not possible to get rid of deep stains from the tooth bleaching process. If you are planning to do the treatments at home then do it under guidance of dental experts. Taking proper care of the guidelines given after the tooth bleaching process is essential for better results.


Expert’s Opinions

•Dr. Rupali Gujar Dental Director of Sabka dentist says “Tooth gets discolored due to stains, yellow or brownish marks that degrade the smile. Dental experts suggest tooth whitening treatment for giving whiter look for teeth. Remember that tooth whitening is not a permanent solution. This treatment can make your teeth look whiter for a prolonged period.”



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